KHOSROV FOREST state reserve

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Endangered Species

Twenty-four endemic plant species grow in very limited areas inside and beyond Khosrov Reserve. They are Allium schchianae, Centaurea arpensis, Cousinia armena, Erucastrum takhtajanii, Campanula bayerniana ssp. choziatowskyi, Cephalaria armeniaca, Astragalus holophyllus, Cotoneaster armenus, Pyrus chosrovica, Pyrus elata, Pyrus fedorovii, Pyrus tamamschianae, Pyrus theodorovii, Pyrus sosnovskyi, Rosa zangezura, etc. Nine more species grow outside of the reserve: Centaurea fajvuschii, Centaurea vavilovii, Scorzonera aragatzi, Scorzonera gorovanica, Myosotis daralaghezica, Euphorbia vedica, Acantholimon vedicum, Orobanche schelkovnikovii and Polygala urartu.

Eighty species listed in the Red Data Book of Armenia: Plants (1990) are the following: Allium materculae (named in Red Book as Allium akaka), Aphanopleura trachysperma, Hohenackeria excapa, Prangos lophoptera, Prangos uloptera, Centaurea arpensis, Steptorhamohus czerepanovii, Steptorhamphus persicus, Dianthus libanotis, Gypsophila aretioides, Telephium oligospermum, Spinacia tetrandra, Convolvulus commutatus, Astragalus aduncus, Astragalus eriopodus, Astragalus grammocalyx, Astragalus massalskyi, Cicer anatolicum, Hedysarum micropterum, Micromeria fruticosa, Salvia suffruticosa, Anacamptis pyramidalis, Arrhenatherum kotschyi, Secale vavilovii, Rheum ribes, Ziziphus jujuba, Crataegus pontica, Pyrus sosnovskyi, Pyrus takhtadzhianii, Pyrus tamamschianae, Pyrus theodorovii, Rosa hemisphaerica, Sorbus luristanica, Thesium szowitsii, etc. Other twenty-seven rare plants grow outside of Khosrov Reserve: Actinolema macrolema, Ferula persica, Ferula szowitsiana, Lisaea papyracea, Asphodeline dendroides, Amberboa sosnowskyi, Chardinia macrocarpa, Cousinia tenella, Inula aucherana, Lactuca takhtadzhianii, Tomanthea carthamoides, Acanthophyllum pungens, Dianthus cyri, Salsola tamamschianae, Astragalus paradoxus, Astragalus persicus, Lathyrus vinealis, Lens orientalis, Vicia cappadocica, Rhinopetalum gibbosum, Acantholimon vedicum, Triticum araraticum, Triticum boeoticum, Potamogeton trichodes, Adianthum capillus-veneris, Populus euphratica and Tamarix octandra.

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